Mount of Olives
The Mount of Olives, named for the many olive groves which were once present on its slopes, is the middle of three mountain peaks east of the city of Jerusalem. Mount Scopus is to its north and the Mount of Corruption is to the south. The highest point of the Mount of Olives is 2,683 feet above sea level. Its slopes have served as a cemetery from Biblical times through the present day, and tombs traditionally associated with Zechariah, Absalom, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi are there.
In the Old Testament, King David fled from Absalom to the Mount of Olives (2 Samuel 15:30) and a prophesy of the last day found in Zechariah 14:4 mentions the Mount of Olives. This prophesy has made the Mount of Olives a desirable burial place for Jews throughout time because it is believed the resurrection of the dead will begin there.
In the New Testament, Jesus stayed overnight on the Mount of Olives many times (Luke 21:37), and visited the Garden of Gethsemane at the foot of the Mount of Olives on the night he was betrayed (Luke 22:39). Finally, Jesus ascended into heaven from the Mount of Olives (Acts 1:9-12).